Jaguar

Jaguar-emblem
Jaguar was founded as the Swallow Sidecar Company by Sir William Lyons in 1922, originally making motorcycle sidecars before developing passenger cars. The name was changed to Jaguar after World War II to avoid the unfavourable connotations of the SS initials.

Sale to The British Motor Corporation followed in 1966, the resulting enlarged company now being renamed as British Motor Holdings (BMH), which in 1968 merged with Leyland Motor Corporation and became British Leyland, itself to be nationalised in 1975.

Jaguar was de-merged from British Leyland and was listed on the London Stock Exchange in 1984, becoming a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index until it was acquired by Ford in 1990.

Jaguar has, in recent years, manufactured cars for the British Prime Minister, the most recent delivery being an XJ in May 2010. The company also holds royal warrants from Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Charles.

Jaguar cars today are designed in Jaguar Land Rover’s engineering centres at the Whitley plant in Coventry and at their Gaydon site in Warwickshire, and are manufactured in Jaguar’s Castle Bromwich assembly plant near Birmingham.

Source:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaguar_Cars


    Photos:

    http://www.flickr.com/~fine-cars_jaguar

     

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    ISDERA

    isdera-emblem
    ISDERA or Ingenieurbüro für Styling, DEsign und RAcing (Engineering company for Styling, Design and Racing) is a privately run automaker based in a small workshop in Hildesheim, Germany. The company was formerly based in Leonberg, Germany. Each high-performance sports car is hand-built by a small team of craftsmen, and the only way to purchase an Isdera is to call the CEO directly. Each vehicle is custom built for its buyer, and a waiting period of six months is to be expected.

    The first vehicle designed by Eberhard Schulz appeared in 1969. It was Erator GTE, the replica of Ford GT40 race car. In 1978 Mercedes-Benz presented the concept car CW 311, engineered by Schulz and promoted by the company b&b.

    The company Isdera was founded in 1981 in Leonberg. Its first car, the Spyder 033, was presented in 1982. Some other vehicles in the company’s history are the 1985 Spyder 033-16, 1987 Spyder 036i and the 1984 Isdera Imperator 108i. Each model was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show, Switzerland.

    In 1993 Isdera designed the Commendatore 112i. The Commendatore weighed 1,450 kg (3,197 lb), could go 0 to 60 mph in 4.7 seconds, and had a top speed of 342 km/h (213 mph). The car had a mid-mounted Mercedes-Benz 6.0 L V12 engine producing 402 hp (300 kW) and a 6-speed manual transmission. The Commendatore had many advanced and unique features such as two sets of gull-wing doors, a velocity-sensitive electronic chassis that lowers the car at high speeds, and an automatic air brake. The 112i was featured in the video game Need for Speed II…

    Source:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isdera

      Photos:

      http://www.flickr.com/~search=isdera

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      Hispano-Suiza

      Hispano-Suiza-Logo

      Hispano-Suiza was a Spanish automotive and engineering firm, best known for its luxury cars and aviation engines in the pre-World War II period of the twentieth century. In 1923 its French subsidiary became a semi-autonomous partnership with the parent company. In 1968, the French arm was taken over by the aerospace company Snecma, now a part of the French SAFRAN Group. The Spanish parent sold all its automotive assets to Enasa in 1946.

      In 1898 a Spanish artillery captain, Emilio de la Cuadra, started electric automobile production in Barcelona under the name of La Cuadra. In Paris, De la Cuadra met the Swiss engineer Marc Birkigt (1878–1953) and hired him to work for the company in Spain. La Cuadra built their first gasoline-powered engines from a Birkigt design. At some point in 1902, the ownership changed hands to J. Castro and became Fábrica Hispano-Suiza de Automóviles (Spanish-Swiss Car Factory) but this company went bankrupt in December 1903.

      Yet another restructuring took place in 1904, creating La Hispano-Suiza Fábrica de Automóviles, under Castro’s direction, also based in Barcelona. Four new engines were introduced in the next year and a half. 3.8-litre and 7.4-litre four-cylinder and a pair of big six-cylinder engines were produced. This company managed to avoid bankruptcy and its largest operations remained in Barcelona until 1946, where cars, trucks, buses, aero engines and weapons were produced.

      France was soon proving to be a much larger market for their luxury cars than Spain. In 1911, a factory, called Hispano France, was set up in the Paris suburb of Levallois-Perret. In 1914, production was moved to larger factories at Bois-Colombes, under the name Hispano-Suiza…

      Source:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispano-Suiza

       

         

        Photos:

        http://www.flickr.com/search/~hispano-suiza

         

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        Ghia

        Ghia-emblem

        Carrozzeria Ghia SpA (established 1915 in Turin) is one of the most famous Italian automobile design and coachbuilding firms, established by Giacinto Ghia and Gariglio as Carrozzeria Ghia & Gariglio, located at 4 Corso Valentino in Turin.

        Ghia initially made lightweight aluminum-bodied cars, achieving fame with the Alfa Romeo 6C 1500, winning Mille Miglia (1929). Between the world wars, Ghia designed special bodies for Alfa Romeo, Fiat, and Lancia, one of the most famous was the Fiat 508 Balilla sports coupe (1933).

        The factory was rebuilt at Via Tomassi Grossi, after being demolished in an air raid during World War II (1943). After Ghia’s death (1944), the company was sold to Mario Boano and Giorgio Alberti. The Ghia-Aigle subsidiary was established in Aigle, Switzerland (1948).

        Following differences between Boano and the company’s Naples-born chief engineer and designer Luigi Segre, Boano left the company in 1953 and ownership passed to Segre in 1954.

        Under the leadership of Luigi Segre, the decade between 1953 and 1963 saw many foreign firms ordering Ghia designs, such as Ford (the Lincoln Futura concept car), Volkswagen (the Karmann Ghia), and Volvo (the Volvo P1800).

        Chrysler and its designer Virgil Exner became a close partner for 15 years, resulting in eighteen Chrysler Ghia Specials (1951–53), the K-310, the Chrysler Norseman, the Crown Imperial limousines (Jackie Kennedy, Nelson Rockefeller, and other luminaries owned one), and others.

        There are even a few Ghia-bodied Ferraris. Ghia also participated in the short-lived Dual-Ghia venture. Production by Ghia was always in very low numbers, giving the company’s products even greater exclusivity than those of the other Italian coachbuilders…

        Source:

        http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghia

         

           

          Photos:

          http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=89388861@N00&q=ghia
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          Ferrari

          Ferrari-Logo

          Ferrari S.p.A. is an Italian sports car manufacturer based in Maranello, Italy. Founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929, as Scuderia Ferrari, the company sponsored drivers and manufactured race cars before moving into production of street-legal vehicles as Ferrari S.p.A. in 1947. Throughout its history, the company has been noted for its continued participation in racing, especially in Formula One, where it has had great success. Ferrari road cars are generally seen as a symbol of speed, luxury and wealth.

          Enzo Ferrari was not initially interested in the idea of producing road cars when he formed Scuderia Ferrari (literally “Ferrari Stable”, and usually used to mean “Team Ferrari”, it is correctly pronounced in 1928 as a sponsor for amateur drivers headquartered in Modena. Ferrari prepared, and successfully raced, various drivers in Alfa Romeo cars until 1938, when he was hired by Alfa Romeo to head their motor racing department…

          Source:

          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrari

           

             

             

            Photos:

            http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=89388861@N00&q=ferrari

             

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            Xedos

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            Mazda Xedos was a range of executive cars launched by Japanese manufacturer Mazda in 1992.

            The original model was the Mazda Xedos 6, which was similar in size and in engine to the BMW 3 Series. The Xedos 6 has 2 types of engines – 24 valve V6 @ 144 hp named KF and 16 valve L4 @ 107 hp named B6.

            In 1994, Xedos Mazda renewed the Xedos 6 model with changes in engine ecological standards and body exterior.

            The Xedos 6 was known as the Eunos 500 in Japan. This vehicle was not sold in the USA and Canada.

            The total quantity of Xedos 6 and Eunos 500 manufactured is 72101.

            By 1994, there was a larger model called the Mazda Xedos 9, which was of a similar size to the BMW 5 Series. The Xedos 9 was known as the Eunos 800 in Japan, and the Mazda Millennia in the USA.

            Unfortunately for Mazda, neither version of the Xedos was popular, and a facelift in 1998 did little to improve matters. Production ceased in 2000.

            Source:

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xedos

            Photos:

             http://www.flickr.com/search/~xedos+car

             

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            EMW

            EMW-logo

            Eisenacher Motorenwerk (EMW) was an East German manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles based in Eisenach. EMW also entered Formula One as a constructor in 1953, but participated in only one race, the 1953 German Grand Prix.

            One of the pre-World War II BMW factories was located in Eisenach, which after the war was taken over by the Soviets, since Eisenach was situated in the Soviet occupation zone. The factory continued producing cars and motorcycles under the BMW brand, but after a lawsuit in 1952 they had to change the name to EMW instead. The logotype was also similar, but instead of the blue BMW used, EMW used red.

            Later the automobile section of EMW became VEB Automobilwerk Eisenach and built the Wartburg. Motorcycle manufacture ended in the 1950s and was replaced by the AWO 425 built by Simson at Suhl.

            Source:

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisenacher_Motorenwerk

            Photos:

            http://www.flickr.com/~search=emw

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            YES

            Yes-Logo

            Yes! is a brand of high-performance sports cars manufactured by YES! Beteiligungs- und Besitzgesellschaft mbH. Yes is an acronym for Young Engineers Sportscar. YES! was founded in January 2010. Manager and founder is Marco Kunz, he was the first YES! turbo client in Germany. The experienced businessman didn’t want to accept the end of the brand YES! and their unique roadsters. The headquarter is now in Edermünde, near Kassel in the center of Germany.

            Der Sportwagen YES! (englisch für Ja!) ist ursprünglich aus einer Diplomarbeit von Herbert Funke und Philipp Will entstanden, die an der Fachhochschule Köln Fahrzeugtechnik studierten. Mit dem Designstudenten Oliver Schweizer, der das äußere Design des YES! kreierte, entstand ein marktfähiges Projekt. Um an die nötigen finanziellen Mittel zu kommen, sprachen die Entwickler vierzig Unternehmen der Automobilbranche an, von denen ein größerer Teil zur Unterstützung bereit war.

            Auf der Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung 1999 in Frankfurt am Main wurde dann der erste Prototyp des YES!, das Modell Clubsport, präsentiert. Das gezeigte Fahrzeugkonzept war ein sehr puristischer Sportwagen, ohne Dach, Türen und sonst üblichen Komfort. Wegen des durch diese Maßnahmen erzielten geringen Gewichtes bei vergleichsweise hoher Motorleistung wurde er auch in Presseberichten als ein Motorrad auf vier Rädern bezeichnet. Noch auf der IAA 1999 wurden über 30 Fahrzeuge vorbestellt.

            Nach dieser Messe wurde das Unternehmen Funke & Will AG im Jahr 2000 in Großenhain gegründet. Ab 2001 wurden in einem restaurierten 30er Jahre Hangar am Flugplatz Großenhain die Modelle des YES! individuell für seine Besitzer handgefertigt und ausgeliefert. Teil dieses Vermarktungskonzeptes war die Möglichkeit, dass entsprechend vermögende Kunden so direkt per Flugzeug anreisen konnten.

            Source:

            http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Young_Engineers_Sportscar

            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yes!_Roadster

            Photos:

            http://www.flickr.com/~search=yes

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            Daimler

            Daimler-England-Logo

             

            The Daimler Company Limited, until 1910 The Daimler Motor Company Limited, was an independent British motor vehicle manufacturer founded in London by H J Lawson in 1896, which set up its manufacturing base in Coventry.

            The right to the use of the name Daimler had been purchased simultaneously from Gottlieb Daimler and Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft of Cannstatt, Germany. As of 2013, the brand appears to be dormant.

            All the Daimler shares were purchased from BSA by Jaguar Cars in 1960. After the introduction of the Daimler DR450 new models used Jaguar bodies with Daimler grilles and badging.

            Daimler remains in the ownership of Jaguar Cars which now belongs to Tata Group of India.

            Source:
            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daimler_Company

            Photos:

            http://www.flickr.com/~search=daimler

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            Citroen

            Citroen-logo

            Citroën is a major French automobile manufacturer, part of the PSA Peugeot Citroën group.

            Founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935), Citroën was the first mass-production car company outside the USA and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car. Within eight years Citroën had become Europe’s largest car manufacturer and the 4th largest in the world.

            Source:
            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citroen

            Photos:

             http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=citroen&w=89388861@N00

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